RISK FACTORS

WHAT FACILITATES TUBERCULOSIS DEVELOPMENT?

  • Drug, toxic substance and alcohol abuse;
  • Chronic diseases, which deteriorates immune system;
  • HIV infection, hepatitis C, lung and kidney diseases, diabetes mellitus etc.
  • Poor living conditions;
  • Malnutrition;
  • Prolonged stress.


INDIVIDUALS  AT GREATE RISK OF DEVELOPING TUBERCULOSIS:

  • People who are in prolonged contact with tuberculosis patients;
  • People suffering from chronic lung diseases;
  • Alcohol, drug and toxic substance addicts;
  • Ex-tuberculosis patients;
  • People suffering from diabetes mellitus, gastric and duodenal ulcer diseases;
  • People with reduced immunity;
  • Patients who for medical reasons are using the immuno-suppressive tratment;
  • Medical workers;
  • Immigrants from areas with high prevalence of TB;
  • Employees whose work is related to unhealthy working conditions.


GREATER RISK TO DEVELOP TUBERCULOSIS IS TO:

  • Children, often suffering from acute respiratory illnesses, recurrent bronchitis, pneumonias;
  • Children, suffering from chronic diseases;
  • Children with diabetes;
  • Children receiving prolonged glucocorticoid treatment;
  • Children who have not received anti-tuberculosis (BCG) vaccination;
  • Children who have not developed a scar after BCG vaccine;
  • Children of socially disadvantageous families.


TUBERCULOSIS IN CHILDREN DO NOT HAVE THE TYPICAL SYMPTOMS!